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How to Test Estrogen Levels: Empowering Your Health with Knowledge

  • Post published:June 2, 2023
  • Post category:Blog

Testing Estrogen Levels

Testing Estrogen Levels: Estrogen is a vital hormone that plays a crucial role in various physiological processes in the body. It is primarily associated with female reproductive health, but it is also present in males, albeit in lower amounts. Estrogen levels can significantly impact overall well-being and can be indicative of various health conditions. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on how to test estrogen levels, understand the results, and address potential imbalances.

Understanding Testing Estrogen Levels 

Estrogen is a group of hormones, including:

  • estrone
  • estradiol and
  • estriol

that are responsible for the development and maintenance of female sexual characteristics and reproductive functions. It is produced mainly by the ovaries in women, although the adrenal glands and fat cells also contribute to its production. In men, the testes and adrenal glands produce estrogen in smaller quantities.

What is Estrogen?

Estrogen is a steroidal hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle, promotes the growth and development of female secondary sexual characteristics, and plays a vital role in maintaining bone health. It is involved in various physiological processes, such as:

  • regulating cholesterol levels
  • maintaining vaginal lubrication and
  • supporting the cardiovascular system

Importance of Estrogen Levels

Balanced Estrogen levels are essential for overall health and well-being. Estrogen helps;

  • regulate the menstrual cycle
  • promotes healthy bone density
  • supports cognitive function and
  • affects mood and emotional well-being

It also plays a role in sexual function and fertility. Imbalances in estrogen levels can lead to various symptoms and health complications.

Symptoms of Estrogen Imbalance

Testing Estrogen Levels

Estrogen imbalance can manifest in different ways depending on whether estrogen levels are too high or too low. Some common symptoms of estrogen imbalance include:

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods
  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse
  • Fatigue and decreased energy levels
  • Changes in libido
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight

Where to get tested?

Speedy Sticks offers at-home Estrogen test

Types of Estrogen Tests

When it comes to testing estrogen levels, several methods are available. The choice of test depends on various factors, including:

  • the purpose of testing
  • convenience and
  • the healthcare provider’s recommendation

The three primary types of estrogen tests are:

Blood Test

A blood test is the most common method used to measure estrogen levels. It involves drawing a blood sample, typically from a vein in the arm. The blood sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. Blood tests can measure total estrogen levels or specific types of estrogen, such as estradiol.

Saliva Test

Saliva tests are gaining popularity for assessing hormone levels, including estrogen. Saliva samples are collected using swabs or tubes provided in a test kit. This method is less invasive than a blood test and can be done at home. Saliva tests are believed to provide a snapshot of the bioavailable (usable) hormones in the body.

Urine Test

Urine tests are another option for measuring estrogen levels. Similar to saliva tests, urine tests are non-invasive and can be performed at home. They involve collecting a urine sample, usually in the morning, and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. Urine tests can provide information about estrogen metabolites and can help identify estrogen metabolism issues.

Preparation for Estrogen Testing

To ensure accurate results, certain preparations may be necessary before undergoing an estrogen test. These preparations may vary depending on the type of test and the specific requirements of the healthcare provider. It is important to follow the instructions provided by the healthcare professional.

Some general preparations include:

Medications to Avoid

Certain medications can interfere with estrogen test results. It is important to inform the healthcare provider about any medications or supplements being taken. Medications that may affect estrogen levels or interfere with test results include hormonal medications, corticosteroids, and some herbal supplements. The healthcare provider may advise temporarily discontinuing these medications before the test.

Fasting Requirements

Some estrogen tests, particularly blood tests, may require fasting for a specific period before the test. Fasting helps ensure accurate results by minimizing potential interference from food and beverages. The healthcare provider will provide instructions regarding fasting, including the duration and any specific restrictions.

Timing of the Test

The timing of the estrogen test is crucial, especially for women who have menstrual cycles. Estrogen levels fluctuate throughout the menstrual cycle, with the highest levels occurring during ovulation. The healthcare provider may recommend scheduling the test at a specific phase of the menstrual cycle to obtain the most accurate results. For women who have reached menopause, timing is less critical.

Estrogen Reference Ranges

After undergoing an estrogen test, the results are compared to reference ranges to determine if the levels are within normal limits. The reference ranges may vary depending on the laboratory and the method of testing. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to interpret the results accurately.

Here are some general guidelines for estrogen reference ranges:

Normal Estrogen Levels

In premenopausal women, normal estrogen levels typically range from 30 to 400 picograms per milliliter (pg/mL) during different phases of the menstrual cycle. During menopause, estrogen levels drop significantly, usually falling below 30 pg/mL. In men, normal estrogen levels range from 10 to 40 pg/mL.

High Estrogen Levels

High estrogen levels, known as estrogen dominance, can occur due to various factors such as hormonal imbalances, obesity, certain medications, or underlying health conditions. Estrogen levels above the normal range may lead to symptoms like breast tenderness, weight gain, and mood swings.

Low Estrogen Levels

Low estrogen levels can be a result of factors such as menopause, certain medical conditions, extreme exercise, or inadequate nutrition. Symptoms of low estrogen may include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and mood changes.

Interpreting Estrogen Test Results

Interpreting estrogen test results requires consultation with a healthcare professional who can evaluate the results in the context of an individual’s overall health and medical history. Estrogen levels should not be considered in isolation but should be assessed along with other hormones and clinical symptoms.

A healthcare professional can provide a thorough analysis and recommend appropriate treatment options if necessary.

Understanding Hormonal Balance

It is crucial to understand that hormonal balance is not simply about specific hormone levels but about the intricate relationship between different hormones in the body. Estrogen levels should be evaluated alongside other hormones such as:

  • progesterone
  • testosterone and
  • thyroid hormones to obtain a comprehensive picture of hormonal balance

Factors Affecting Estrogen Levels

Various factors can influence estrogen levels in the body. Understanding these factors can provide insights into the potential causes of estrogen imbalances.

Some common factors affecting estrogen levels include:

Age and Menopause

As women age, their estrogen levels naturally decline, particularly during perimenopause and menopause. This decrease in estrogen production can lead to various symptoms and health changes.

Pregnancy and Postpartum Period

Estrogen levels increase significantly during pregnancy to support fetal development. After childbirth, estrogen levels drop abruptly, which can contribute to postpartum symptoms.

Hormonal Medications

Certain medications, such as hormonal contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, can impact estrogen levels. These medications are designed to regulate hormone levels and address specific health concerns.

Lifestyle and Diet

Factors such as stress, diet, exercise, and exposure to environmental toxins can affect estrogen levels. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and consuming a balanced diet can contribute to optimal hormonal balance.

Reasons for Testing Estrogen Levels

There are several reasons why an individual may undergo estrogen testing. These reasons may include:

  • Assessing fertility and reproductive health
  • Investigating symptoms associated with hormonal imbalances
  • Monitoring hormone replacement therapy
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of treatment for estrogen-related conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis
  • Assessing the risk of certain cancers, such as breast or ovarian cancer

Potential Health Risks of Estrogen Imbalance

Imbalances in estrogen levels can have significant health implications. Estrogen dominance or excess estrogen can increase the risk of conditions such as:

  • Breast and uterine cancer
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Mood disorders
  • Cardiovascular diseases

On the other hand, low estrogen levels, especially in women, can lead to health issues such as:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Increased risk of heart disease
  • Mood disorders

Treatment Options for Estrogen Imbalance

Treatment for estrogen imbalance depends on the underlying cause, symptoms, and individual circumstances. The healthcare provider will develop a tailored treatment plan, which may include the following options:

Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) involves the use of medications to supplement or replace hormones, including estrogen. It is commonly used to alleviate menopausal symptoms and manage hormonal imbalances. HRT can be administered orally, through patches, gels, or creams.

Lifestyle Changes

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can contribute to hormonal balance. This may include regular exercise, stress management techniques, a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy body weight.

Natural Remedies

Some natural remedies may help support hormonal balance. These include herbal supplements, such as black cohosh or red clover, which are believed to have estrogenic effects. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any natural remedies.

How often should Estrogen levels be tested?

The frequency of estrogen testing depends on individual circumstances and the guidance of a healthcare professional. In general, annual or periodic testing may be recommended for women approaching menopause, undergoing hormone therapy, or experiencing symptoms of estrogen imbalance. Follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations.

Can men have their Estrogen levels tested?

Yes, men can have their estrogen levels tested. Estrogen plays a role in male health, albeit in smaller amounts compared to women. Testing estrogen levels in men can help assess hormonal balance and identify potential health concerns.

Are there any home test kits available for checking Estrogen levels?

Yes, there are home test kits available for checking estrogen levels. Saliva and urine tests can be performed at home, allowing individuals to collect samples and send them to a laboratory for analysis. These test kits offer convenience and privacy but should be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Speedy Sticks offers at-home Estrogen test.

Can stress affect Estrogen levels?

Yes, chronic stress can impact estrogen levels. Stress can disrupt the delicate balance of hormones in the body, leading to hormonal imbalances, including fluctuations in estrogen levels. Managing stress through relaxation techniques and self-care can contribute to hormonal balance.

What are some common Symptoms of low estrogen?

Common symptoms of low estrogen in women may include hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, mood swings, decreased libido, fatigue, and changes in menstrual patterns. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of symptoms.


Maintaining balanced estrogen levels is crucial for overall health and well-being. Testing estrogen levels can provide valuable insights into hormonal imbalances and potential health risks. By understanding how to test estrogen levels, individuals can work with healthcare professionals to address any imbalances and optimize their hormone health. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and interpretation of test results.